Worldwide Normal Bibliographic Description (ISBD)

The Worldwide Convention on Cataloguing Rules (ICCP) (generally referred to as “Paris Rules), which was held in Paris in October 1961 underneath the auspices of the Worldwide Federation of Library Associations (IFLA).

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Its purpose was to function a foundation for worldwide standardization in cataloguing has definitely been achieved: many of the cataloguing codes that had been developed worldwide since that point have adopted the Rules strictly or not less than to a excessive diploma (IFLA-2016). It additionally emphasizes the necessity for standardization in bibliographic description.International Standard Bibliographic Description (ISBD)

To resolve the issue, the Worldwide Assembly on Cataloguing Professional (ICME); sponsored by IFLA; held in Copenhagen in 1969 fashioned a committee to review the issues of standardization within the bibliographic description.
The committee established a foundation for internationally uniform descriptive cataloguing practices and arrange a working group to develop an Worldwide Normal Bibliographic Description (ISBD). The committee submitted its report at a gathering in Liverpool in 1971,
which is named the Worldwide Normal Bibliographic Description (Monograph) {ISBD (M)}. The primary version of ISBD appeared in 1971, and in subsequent years additional specialist teams had been fashioned.
The ISBD programme has been IFLA’s main contribution to bibliographic standardization and was a central a part of the programme for Common Bibliographic Management. (Harrod’s Librarians’ Glossary – Web page: 381)

Revealed ISBDs are:

ISBD (M) (Monographs) 1987 (revised version)
ISBD (S) (Serials) 1988 (revised version)
ISBD (G) (Basic) 1992 (revised version)
ISBD (CM) (Cartographic Materials) 1987 (revised version)
ISBD (NBM) (Non-Guide Supplies) 1987 (revised version)
ISBD (A) (Antiquarian) 1991 (2nd revised version)
ISBD (PM) (Printed Music) 1991 (2nd revised version)
ISBD (CP) (Element Components) 1988
ISBD (ER) (Digital Sources) 1997 (revised from ISBD(CF) (Laptop Information)

About ISBD:

The Worldwide Normal Bibliographic Description (ISBD) is a algorithm produced by the Worldwide Federation of Library Associations and Establishments (IFLA) to create a bibliographic description in a typical, human-readable type, particularly to be used in a bibliography or a library catalog (Wikipedia). It supposed to function a principal commonplace to advertise common bibliographic management, to make universally and promptly accessible, in a type that’s internationally acceptable, primary bibliographic knowledge for all revealed assets in all international locations. The ISBD’s principal purpose is and has been for the reason that very starting, to supply consistency when sharing bibliographic info.

The first function of ISBD is to supply the stipulations for suitable descriptive cataloguing worldwide with a purpose to assist the worldwide trade of bibliographic information between nationwide bibliographic businesses and all through the worldwide library and data group. The particular function of ISBD is to supply a sufficiently exact transcription of title pages, and many others., to allow totally different works and totally different editions of the identical work to be readily recognized (BYRUM, 2005). The ISBD assures correct recording of information regarding the publication for straightforward trade. It acknowledges particular areas corresponding to writer, title, writer worth, and many others, which should be clearly supplied on any given publication and be recognized simply (Enang, 2008).

Construction of ISBD:

ISBD is a typical from IFLA designed to make bibliographic descriptions extra constant throughout a variety of purposes. It serves two distinct capabilities: to outline the choice and order of information components to be recorded and to prescribe punctuation for use inside a bibliographic description. ISBD is split into 8 “areas” of description:

    1. Title and assertion of duty space
    2. Version space
    3. Materials or sort of resource-specific space
    4. Publication, manufacturing, distribution, and many others., space
    5. Bodily description space
    6. Collection space
    7. Observe space
    8. Useful resource identifier and phrases of availability space

Aims of ISBD:

  1. To arrange a consolidated, up to date ISBD from the specialised ISBDs with a purpose to meet the wants of cataloguers and different customers of bibliographic info.

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  2. To offer constant stipulations for description of all varieties of assets, to the extent that uniformity is feasible, and particular stipulations for particular varieties of assets as required to explain these assets.

Rules of ISBD:

  1. The first function of the ISBD is to supply the stipulations for suitable descriptive cataloguing worldwide with a purpose to assist the worldwide trade of bibliographic information between nationwide bibliographic businesses and all through the worldwide library and data group (e.g. together with producers and publishers).
  2. Completely different ranges of description might be accommodated, together with these wanted by nationwide bibliographic businesses, nationwide bibliographies, universities, and different analysis collections.
  3. The descriptive components wanted to establish and choose a useful resource should be specified.
  4. The set of components of knowledge slightly than the show or use of these components in a particular automated system will present the main target.
  5. Value-effective practices should be thought of in growing the stipulations.

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  6.  

Historical past of ISBD:



 

 

Reference:

    • Enang, U. U. (2008). The Use of Worldwide Normal Bibliographic Description The Use of Worldwide Normal Bibliographic Description (ISBD) and the High quality of Books Revealed in Nigeria (ISBD) and the High quality of Books Revealed in Nigeria Library Philosophy and Follow 2008 The Use of Worldwide Normal Bibliographic Description (ISBD) and the High quality of Books Revealed in Nigeria. https://digitalcommons.unl.edu/libphilprac
    • Cataloguing Part, I. (2010). Worldwide Normal Bibliographic Description (ISBD). http://www.ifap.ru
    • Harrod, L. M. (2005). Harrod’s Librarians’ Glossary and Reference Guide. Ashgate.
    • Worldwide Normal Bibliographic Description (ISBD) – Free On-line NTA UGC NET Information Guide December 2020. (n.d.). Retrieved September 25, 2020, from http://www.netugc.com/international-standard-bibliographic-description-isbd
    • Wikipedia. (2020). Worldwide Normal Bibliographic Description. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_Standard_Bibliographic_Description
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